Upper respiratory infections are among the most common bacterial infections usually having acute character. These infections range from the common mild, bacterial infections of the nasopharynx to serious and life-threatening illnesses such as epiglottitis.
Bacterial conditions require targeted therapy, such as streptococcal pharyngitis, bacterial sinusitis, and lower respiratory tract infections.
Streptococcal pharyngitis with erythema, swelling, or exudates of the tonsils or pharynx, high body temperature suggests bacterial illness which demands use of antibiotics.
Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is common in children. It is characterized by persistent nasal discharge and cough lasting 10 days or more without improvement, fever and worse nasal discharge can also develop.
Sore throat is a common type of bacterial infection with difficulty or pain during swallowing, unpleasant sensation in the throat, loss of voice, dry cough or no cough, fever, fatigue and other symptoms.
Laryngotracheitis and laryngotracheobronchitis can last for several days and be accompanied by painful swallowing, hoarseness or loss of voice, cough and other symptoms.
Tests of specimens for specific pathogens are helpful when targeted therapy depends on the results of the lab tests. Specific bacterial testing is especially important to be done in children, patients with other chronic or acute health states.
Antibiotic treatment is considered for moderate to severe cases of bacterial infections of the upper respiratory system. Mild infections can be treated without antibiotics use. Still if symptoms persist without improving for 10 or more days, or if symptoms are severe or worsening during a period of 3-4 days the use of antibiotics is recommended.
The treatment usually starts with first-line antibiotics given for 5-7 days in most adults and for 10-14 days in children.
Actually the treatment with an agent that covers likely pathogens is preferable. That is why initial first-line option includes amoxicillin.
Oral amoxicillin is adjusted for 10 days for patients without an allergy to penicillin. Patients with allergies to penicillin and amoxicillin should be recommended other options.
Amoxicillin is available under brand name Amoxil oral medicine which is produced in the form of tablets, capsules and oral suspension.
Formulations of Amoxil contain amoxicillin, a semisynthetic antibiotic, an analog of ampicillin, with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms.
Capsules of the medicine contain 250 mg or 500 mg amoxicillin and other inactive components.
Tablets of Amoxil contain 500 mg or 875 mg amoxicillin and other ingredients to make the formulation.
Powder for oral suspension in the dose of 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg amoxicillin and other components.
Dosing of Amoxil mainly depends on the condition being treated, its severity, age of a patient, formulation of the medicine. Forms of the medicine available can be recommended for children older than 3 months of age and all other categories of patients.